Kairos Outside began in California in 1989 as an idea from the Chaplain at San Quentin State Correctional Facility. After the first Kairos Prison Ministry Weekend, he felt, along with others involved in this ministry, that those who became involved in the Kairos program were now open to family unity, more so than ever before. Jo Chapman, a Kairos volunteer from California, took the Chaplain’s idea and developed KO. James Rowland, then Director for the Department of Corrections for California, has often said, “Three things will help keep an inmate from coming back to prison: The first is some type of spiritual awakening while in prison; the second is support by their family during and after incarceration; and the third is a skill to find a job on the outside after release.”